Yashyizweho kuri 7 January, 2019 | 07:26

Abajyanama b’ubuzima bagabanyije umubare w’abacikirizaga gahunda zo kuboneza urubyaro

Kuba imwe mu miti yo kuboneza urubyaro isigaye itangwa n’abajyanama b’ubuzima igatangirwa mu mudugudu, byatumye umubare w’abicaga gahunda bahawe yo gufata indi miti ugabanuka.

Nyirishema Frodouald, umukozi ushinzwe ubuzima mu karere ka Ruhango, atangaza ko kuva aho abajyanama b’ubuzima batangiye gutanga imiti yo kuboneza urubyaro mu mwaka wa 2015, umubare w’abacikiriza iyi gahunda bayitangiye wagabanutseho 70%. Nyirishema avuga ko mu mwaka wa 2014 mu bagore babyara, ababonezaga urubyaro bari 51% mu gihe imibare bagezeho muri 2018 bari kuri 56%. Yasobanuye ko nyuma yo gusuzumwa no guhabwa ifishi n’ikigo nderabuzima, ababoneza urubyaro bakoresheje ibinini, inshinge n’agakingirizo, babifatira ku mujyanama w’ubuzima ubifite mu nshingano ku rwego rw’umudugudu.

Gutangira iyi miti ku rwego rw’umudugudu byakiriwe neza n’abaturage, kuko kujya gufata imiti ku kigo nderabuzima byabagoraga. Nyiraneza Violette wo mu kagari ka Gisari, mu murenge wa Kinazi, akarere ka Ruhango, avuga ko abagore bagira imirimo myinshi, hakaba hari igihe bibagirwaga kujya ku kigo nderabuzima gufata indi miti. Aragira, ati “ Baraturuhuye cyane; urugendo ruva i Gisari ruza hano ku kigo nderabuzima n’urwo nkora njya ku mujyanama duturanye ntabwo ari kimwe. Hari ubwoigihe cyo gufata indi miti cyageraga warwaye cyangwa wagize gahunda nyinshi ugahitamo kubireka. Ariko ubu n’iyo haba ku mugoroba unyarukirayo akagukorera ugahita ugaruka”.

Mu mwaka wa 2016 nibwo abajyanama b’ubuzima batangiye gutanga imiti yo kuboneza urubyaro. Harerimana Marie Claire, umukozi ushinzwe kuboneza urubyaro ku kigo nderabuzima cya Kinazi, avuga ko mbere ku kigo nderabuzima bahuraga n’imbogamizi yo kwakira abantu benshi bakeneye kuboneza urubyaro kandi bakirwa n’umuntu umwe. Ati “ hari igihe ku munsi twakiraga nk’abantu 100. Ikindi twagiraga abantu benshi bacikirizaga gahunda kubera guturuka kure. Ariko aho twifashishirije abajyanama b’ubuzima byaradufashije cyane kuko abantu benshi bakoresha ibinini, urushinge n’udukingirizo, bajya kubifata ku bajyanama.

Abajyanama bahuguwe ku buryo bwo kuboneza urubyaro n’uko imiti itangwa. Gutanga inshinge cyangwa ibinini bikorerwa umugore wabanje kwakirwa n’umukozi ubishinzwe ku kigo nderabuzima, yamara kumupima no kumuha ifishi, agakomereza mu mudugudu ku mujyana w’ubuzima.

Miheto Amiel, umujyanama w’ubuzima mu mudugudu wa Kagazi, akagari ka Rubona, mu murenge wa Kinazi, ahamya ko abaturage bamaze kumenyera kubona serivise yo kuboneza urubyaro hafi ya bo. Kuri ubu yakira abagore 56 mu gihe umudugudu utuwe n’abagore 307 bari mu kigero gishobora gusama (hagati y’imyaka 15 na 49).

N’ubwo kuboneza urubyaro bikorerwa ku rwego rw’umudugudu, uburyo bwo gufunga burundu, gushyirishamo agapira ko ku kaboko cyangwa ko mu mura bikorerwa ku bitaro no mu bigo nderabuzima. Ubushakashatsi ku buzima n’imibereho y’abaturage (DHS 2015) bwakozwe n’ikigo cy’igihugu cy’ibarurishamibare, bwagaragaje ko kuboneza urubyaro biri kuri 53%, ababikenera ntibabibone bakaba ari 19%.

Uwiringira Marie Josée


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